Deciding what official documents are required to transport horses to, around, and from New Mexico can be confusing for the new horse owner. In addition, these requirements may change frequently in the modern era of animal disease surveillance. While the recommendations in this guide are current at the time of publication, owners should contact the New Mexico Livestock Board and/or the equestrian event they are attending to determine if additional documentation is required. Once you have determined what documents are required to transport your horses, it is recommended that you create a notebook to keep all the following information organized and available in the vehicle when transporting your horses. A copy of this notebook kept at home is a valuable “backup” of this important information. The basic Mexican import document is the Customs Declaration Form for Customs Clearance (Pedimento de Importación). Mexico requires import and export documents, including a completed pedimento for all trade crossings. This document must be accompanied by a commercial invoice (in Spanish), a bill of lading, documents guaranteeing the payment of additional duties on the dumped goods, if applicable, and, where applicable, documents proving compliance with Mexican regulations on product safety and performance (see Trade Standards section). As with steel products, the import must be notified to the Mexican government at least five days prior to shipment and must include the invoice, complete supplier information, and other documentation.
On December 3, 2015, the Mexican government launched a special program to strengthen Mexico`s textile and apparel industry. The main objective of this program is to protect local industry against counterfeits from Asia and to promote the financing programs of the Mexican Development Bank to support small and medium-sized enterprises in the sector. A number of these measures affect Mexican textile importers, including the use of an importer register, benchmarking (although they should not be applied to products accompanied by an USMCA Certificate of Origin), and a five-day waiting period for all imports. For tax reasons, all Mexican importers must register and be registered in the official register of importers (Padrón de Importadores), which is maintained by the Secretariat of Finance and Public Credit (Secretaría de Hacienda y Crédito Público or SHCP), which also maintains special sectoral registers. To import more than 400 different items (including agricultural products, textiles, chemicals, electronics and auto parts), Mexican importers must apply to the PCSH to be included in these industry registers. U.S. exporters have sometimes encountered problems when products have been added to the list without notice, or importers have been unceremoniously removed from the register without notice or subsequent reporting. It is important to keep in mind that in many cases, the release of goods from Mexican Customs may take longer than expected. Mexican importers and exporters can ship their goods through an authorized legal representative who meets certain technical requirements and has a certain level of experience. Mexican customs brokers can clear products through Mexican customs, but keep in mind that Mexican customs regulations are very strict and require full compliance with all requirements by importers of record. All commercial imports into Mexico, whether temporary or permanent, can be made by a qualified and authorized Mexican customs broker. In the case of the textile, clothing and footwear industry, the importer must be registered in Padrón for textile, clothing and footwear products.
Companies that are not registered in Padrón are not allowed to import these products. New Mexico Livestock Board. NM import/export rules. Retrieved 8. August 2022 from www.nmlbonline.com/index.php?id=7 Products considered North American under the United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA) require at least nine data elements to prove origin and benefit from USMCA preferential tariff treatment.